Explanation of a Router,Switch and Hub



Explanation of a Router, Switch and Hub


Hey there, remember in the earlier post where I elaborate on what an end device is? Well now we will be introducing another kind of device which is the Intermediary Device. This device main purpose is to deliver or send out your request over to the destination. It is like a the journey from point A to point B.  It is used to CONNECT up end devices together
Contents:
Intermediary Device
Facts on Routers
Ways to access a cisco router
Terminal Software
Cisco Router Mode
Switch
HUB
More information





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Intermediary Device
1. Router
2. Switch
3. Hub




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1.ROUTER          
A router primarily use is to provide a “Door” for request coming in and out of the house “Network”. Without a router
, traffic is unable to be routed from one place to another. It can also be set up to provide a layer of filter so as to filter the kind protocol packet that are allowed to enter.
A router contains 2 kinds of RAM (Random Access Memory)
1.      RAM -> Volatile
·        Volatile means that data stored in the RAM will be erased once a shutdown on the router is done. All memory and data are flushed off and are not permernant
2.      NVRAM ->Non – volatile
·        The IOS and configuration of the Router is stored in this part of the router. Data here is stored permantly and will not be deleted if there is a shutdown command that is being executed or when there is a power shortage.
·        To transfer data from the RAM to NVRAM, user have to go in global Config mode and type in “do copy run start”


·        This transfers the running config file and save it at the start config area which is used when booting up


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There are 3 main ways to access a Router
1.      Telnet -> Going into a router without having to be physically there
·        SSH (Secure Shell)
·        Telnet
2.      Console ->
·        Use a console cable to enter
·        Have to be physically there
3.      AUX Port ->
·        Uses a telephone line

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These software allows access to a router
·       Putty
·       Tera Term
·       Secure CRT
·       HyperTerminal
·       OS X Terminal

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Cisco Router Have 3 different mode of operation (Each sign is respectively followed)
·       User Exec Mode
·       Privilege Exec mode
·       Global Configuration Mode



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2.Switch  


1.      Is used to allowed multiple connection to a router since a router can only put a certain amount of Network Interface Cards
2.      A switch is a cost effective way to utilize the maximum usage of a Network
3.      It allows VLAN to be created and hence saving Private IP addresses
4.      Allows the connection of a network to be much neater
5.      Allows User to analyse the topology at a much greater ease
6.      Has 1 collision Domain to 1 port
7.      Has 1 broadcast Domain (If VLAN is not enabled)


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3.HUB (Seldom Used)
1.      Has only One broadcast domain and One collision Domain
2.      Packets easily drop due to collision
3.      Slower than a Switch





And that is the end of my guide on the fundamentals of how a network works. I hope you found this post informative. Don’t forget to share and comment if you enjoyed the information in this post. Till next time.




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Special Credits to Cisco Packet Tracer



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Justin Soh Writer

Student cum enthusiast in teaching. Never give up!

2 comments:

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